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LATHE DUPLICATOR
Intro
Setup and Features
Critical Alignments
Cutters
Turning Characteristics of Common Woods
Safety
Speeds
Patterns & Templates
Spindle Turning
Faceplate Turning
Production Tips
Freehand Turning
Sanding and Finishing

Shopsmith Lathe Duplicator Tutorial
Click here for a printer friendly version of Tip-
Pg. 1-3, Pg 4-6, Pg 7-9, Pg 10-12, Pg 13-15, Pg 16

Critical Alignments

Proper alignment is important for all power tools, but accuracy is especially important with the lathe duplicator. Even a small error in alignment will cause a variation in the duplicated pieces.

Complete alignment instructions are provided in the Owners Man-ual that came with your duplicator. The four most critical alignment procedures are summarized below. These alignments should be checked whenever the lathe duplicator is set up or if problems occur when making duplicates.

Cutter Support Alignment
In order to cut properly, the cutter support must be aligned so that the top of the cutter tip is held parallel to the surface of the worktable.

Begin by removing the follower support. Then loosen the nylon cutter guide and slide it back to expose the flat side of the cutter support rod.

 

Click to see larger view
Figure 13-2. Align the cutter support.

Loosen the front and rear cutter support setscrews and adjust the center setscrew so it is lightly seated in the positioning groove of the cutter support rod. This assures proper protrusion of the cutter tip relative to the follower tip during duplication.

Place an accurate square on the tool rest base and adjust the cutter support, so that the side flat is against the square as shown in Figure 13-2. Then tighten the setscrews, reposition the cutter guide and replace the follower support.

Cutter Alignment
In order to cut properly, the top edge of the cutter tip must be aligned with the drive and cup centers.

Click to see larger view
Figure 13-3. Align the top edge of the cutter with the tip of the lathe drive center.

Begin by placing the tool rest assembly on the table with the cutter tip facing the drive center. Adjust the table height until the top edge of the cutter is aligned with the tip of the drive center as shown in Figure 13-3. Lock the table height.

Then move to the opposite end of the lathe and check the alignment of the top edge of the cutter with the cup center (Figure 13-4). Raise or lower the tailstock as needed and lock it in place.

Click to see larger view
Figure 13-4. Align the top edge of the cutter with the tip of the lethe cup center.

 

Note: Although raising or lowering the tailstock will alter the normal center-to-center alignment of the lathe, overall performance of the duplicator will not be affected. Correct cutter height is extremely important when using the lathe duplicator. If you plan to switch back and forth to conventional lathe turning, you may want to put a pencil mark on the tailstock mounting tubes, so you can easily return to the normal alignment position.

Template Center Alignment
For accurate duplication, the template centers must be aligned with the drive and cup centers.

 

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Figure 13-5. Align the template center. Step 1 Click on image to see larger view.

First, loosen the left hand template bracket mounting screw and slide the template bracket in the channel until the tip of the template center is even with the tip of the drive center, then tighten the template bracket mounting screw (Figure 13-5).

Next loosen the two cap screws, so that the template center can be positioned directly over the drive center. Check this alignment with a square placed both in front of and behind the centers. When the alignment is correct, tighten the two cap screws (Figure 13-6).

Click to see larger view
Figure 13-6. Align the template center, Step 2. Click on image to see larger view.

 

Repeat this procedure to align the cup center with the other template center.

Follower to Cutter Alignment
For accurate duplication, the follower tip must be directly above the cutter tip.

 

Click to see larger view
Figure 13-7. Align the follower to the cutter. Click on image to see larger veiw.

Begin by adjusting the height of the follower tip until it is even with the template center. Wiggle the follower support rod as you tighten the knob to be sure the screw is seated on the flat of the upright support rod.

Then loosen the setscrew for the follower upright. Align the cutter tip with the cup center and the follower tip with the template center. Tighten the setscrew on the upright (Figure 13-7).

Continue to Cutters
Back to Critical Alignments

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